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The 8th International Symposium on Passive Safety Technology and Standards & Regulations Held in Nanchang
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From July 23 to 24 of 2019, the 8th International Symposium on Passive Safety Technology and Standards & Regulations organized by NTCAS was held in Nanchang, which attracted more than 200 experts, scholars and elites from over 100 units including CBU enterprises, inspection institutes, scientific and research organizations, components suppliers and universities. Gao Hesheng, Deputy Secretary of Party Committee of CATARC attended the event and delivered speech. The Symposium focused on the latest achievements of China, Japan and Europe on safety standards, the collision safety of passenger and commercial vehicles, intelligent children protection system, pedestrian protection technology and regulations, the development of new vehicle assessmentof all countries, collision safety of NEVs and the rolling protection, thus providing new thoughts on improvingthe development of regulations on passive safety technology and standards for advanced vehicles.

Mr.Gao expressed his welcome and appreciation tothe presence of all guests.He said that China has established a complete auto passive safety standards system with the supportof the Symposium and has achieved much in auto safety technology. The Secretariat of NTCAS and Auto Crash Test and Protection Subcommittee have long been focusing on the application and development of auto passive safety and have been actively implementing relevant national policies. They also focus on research of standards and regulations and establishment of testing and evaluating system, rely on resources of CATARC to build domestically-leading and world class comprehensive technological service platform for auto passive safety, thus supporting the development of China’s auto passive safety technology and regulations and safeguarding the use of vehicles and driving in the future.

JinSeop PARK, Chairof UN Passive Safety Regulation-Active Pedestrian Protection Working Group, introduced the basic information and future work plans as well as major topics to be discussed ofthe Deployment Pedestrian Protection System (DPPS). He introduced the testing based on different scenarios of DPPS and compared the difference between different national testing projects and explained in detailedabout the testing of DPPS in various working conditions. At the same time, he also introduced the dummy simulation testing and analysis over different testing working conditions which are highly valued by the informal working group

Sun Zhendong, Chief Expert of ASRI of CATARC on Passive Safety, delivered keynote speech on “Research and Development of China’s Passive Safety Regulations” introducing the establishment of occupant protection standards in the  aspectsof establishment of standards system framework, road plan for standards research and the basicprocedure of standard drafting, and the latest progress about more than 10 standards on occupant protection. Sun said that the occupant standards will be more integrated, intelligent and systematic in the future and coordination in various fields will be enhanced. Finally, he hoped that concerted efforts shall be made to realize zero accidents and injuries.

Mr. Nobuhiko TakahashifromJAMA introduced the latest developments in safety research and he also said that the main target of JAMA is to promote the healthy development of auto technology and standardization. He analyzed differencesof road users and causes of accidents between Japan and China based on the analysis over the accidents. In addition, he introduced the research on accident analysis and emergency rescue, the road map for JNCAP and mid-term plan of MLIT. He suggested that more attention would be given to the standardization of MPDB and ACCN and looked forward to a more enhanced communication and cooperation with China’sexperts.

HaoYumin from Research Institute of FAW introduced information regarding the development of safety technology of Hongqiproducts and the research regarding road accidents, including types of road users, elements analysis such as age, weather and speed limitation that cause passengerscasualties, the role of safety device and road accident rescue system in road accidents. Then, by considering the fundamental development of C-NCAP and C-IASI and the target of reducing injuries and deaths, he explained the work done by Hongqi on safety, including flow of development, performance control in development stage, systematic development in engineering design, detail simulation in production preparation and the safety system integration technology research, and introduced the research of future technology to be adopted on FAW Hongqi.

Mr. Sebastian Weber from Technical Center of Audi briefed the latest developments about European safety regulations and summarized the existing European standard and regulation system regarding safety and explained the work of GRSG, GRSP and GRBP of WP.29. And, GRSP is mainly focusing on off-set frontal collision, pole side impact, side impact, EV safety, pedestrian safety and full-width collision test and hydrogen fuel cell and other new proposals.

Mr.Yahaya Bin Ahmad from ASEAN NCAP introduced the current situation and future development plan of NCAP, and the existing testing method, and special methods as contained in the assessment program and testing procedures adopted in ASEAN, and introduced the development road map of ASEAN NCAP in the coming decade. He also pointed out that ASEAN will focus on the regional features, especially the safety of motorcycle drivers. At the same time, he stressed that the road conditions of ASEAN countries differ quite a lot and those countries are cautious in formulating rules, and pointed out that relevant enterprises shall focus on improving safety of auto products.

Mr.ZhuHaitao from Management Center of C-NCAP analyzed the collision compatibility with regard to the size, quality and stiffness/power, he compared three different types of vehicles on energy absorption based on three collision types of ODB, PDB and MPDB and explained MPDB testing plan, parameter of testing vehicles and ADAC evaluation indicators. Finally, he suggested four topics including the quality of vehicles, the evaluation zone of aluminum honeycomb, definition of low parameter and adaptability of evaluation methods, as well as the key work and direction of future research.

Mr.Seunghoon Lee from KNCAP introduced the road map and future development plan of KNCAP and briefed the history of KNCAP, different testing scenarios and working conditions and the role of KNCAP in improving vehicle safety. In medium and long-term plan of KNCAP, the key issues would include policies and regulations regarding vehicle safety, periodical focus in technical development, analysis of traffic accidents and the developments of NCAP in other countries. In the future, the coverage of the plan would be enlarged to include study on pedestrian protection, accidents prevention and night safety.

Mrs.YuHuili with Chongqing Chang’an Auto Co., Ltd. introduced the safety of electric and intelligent vehicle. EV safety focus on the fields of battery pack, driving system, high voltage cable and CBU electricity safety strategy. She called for a uniform standard on mechanism of cell damages based on safety analysis. In the development of EVs and intelligent vehicles in the future, the differences between active and passive safety would be gradually less than ever, and the testing working conditions would be more integrated and the accidents scenarios would be more standardized.

Mr.Kitagawa  Yuichi with Toyota introduced the development and application of THUMS6 dummy. He said that such dummycan help us simultaneously analyze and simulate the posture changes of passengers before accidents and the harm to passengers in accidents. At the same time, he analyzed the posture of passengers in PCS and ADS, and introduced the safety conditions of passengers with different postures in accidents through analysis results obtained in THUMS6 dummy.

Mr.WangDayongfrom SMTCintroduced the collision safety development of NEVs and analyzed the cases and relevant data of NEV safety accidents as well as domestic and foreign regulations in this regard and the assessment program of electricity safety inCNCAP2018. He introduced the development procedures in the following three aspects such as reasonable arrangements, structural collision design and alarming alerts, and explained the calibration procedure of front collision and side collision and the simulation analysis on malfunction.

Mr.YukoTakahash with Honda introduced the development of aPLI. There exit the limitations of FlexPLIin use on inclined impactresponse, quality distribution, knee cruicateligament response and display of impact in recovery stage,but there are still urgent needs in study and development of aPLI. He introduced the features and models of aPLI, and compared the contact force of aPLI and FlexPLI. Finally, he introduced the work of ISO aPLIworking group and the plan about relevant research and development.

Mr. JiaLigang from SGMW TDCintroduced the safety development system and the passive safety development testing capacity from the perspective of multifunctional passenger vehicles. He suggested that such vehicles are flexible in internal designs and require multiple arrangements on full collision test. He also shared the experience in developing such vehicles,takingside airbags calibration, whole vehicle rolling safety performance test and simulation, 25% small paranoid collision vehicle body designs as examples.

Mr.ZhengHao from GAC Automotive Engineering Institute(GAEI) shared the relevant research on roof crush resistance working conditions, and made a thorough introduction to the roof pressure working conditions and influence factors and optimization technique of roof pressure structure. He said that such influence factors includetype, car body structure and curb weight. Also, there are contradictions among consumers’ demands to models, space, vision, control of vehicle cost and weight as well as the roofresistance. Finally, he pointed out that China is giving more attention tothe roofcrush resistance, and national standards are gradually aligning with international standards and regulations such as FMVSS216 with higher requirements regarding roofcrush resistance. The GAEI will keepthe concept of “Building Vehicles for Our Family” and will keep developing in safety fieldin order to realize the vision of “zero concerns, zero deaths and zero injuries”.

Mr.Cui Dong from Automobile Engineering Institute of CATARC introduced the morphological analysis of low-speed collision. He introduced data of insurance and components damage of a certain type of vehicle, which show that the low-speed collision is the most common one based on the  analysis results. Then, by taking NEVs accidents as examples, he introducedthe information related to insurance and claim possibly incurred in actual accidents based on the above-mentioned data. He also shared the experience in selecting typical accidents types and vulnerable components and provided the strategy to conduct unique development of low-speed collision in the future.

Mr.WangJizhongfromTsinghua University introduced the development of intelligent child safety seats. He said that such seats are still not common in China and are usually mistakenly operated. Therefore, the child safety seats shall be more intelligent. Then, he provided the definition of the intelligent child safety seat and put forward the principle of “Three Initiativesand One Control” and shared the fundamental functions and future development of the intelligent child safety seat based on the principle.

Mr.WangXijunfromJiangling Motors compared the difference in structure of commercial and passenger vehicles and introduced the occupantprotection in commercial vehicles from three aspects as cab passenger protection, structural safety evaluation and passenger survival space. The airbags are important components to protect passengers. Mr. Wang took airbags for double co-pilots and restraint system for drivers of pickups as examples, and introduced the development and testing flow of such airbags and provided his expectations over the future development.

Mr. Han Yong from Xiamen University of Technology delivered a report themed as “Research on Efficiency of AEB Reestablished Based on VRU Accidents”. In the report, the screening criteria of accidents used for analysis isincluded and 18 traffic accidents are used as examples. He introduced the methods to reproduce the accident scenarios and the impact of AEB function over the collision. Mr. Han introduced the accident reestablishment simulation analysis method, provided the simulation analysis accident scenario and the effect of AEB to reduce accident rate and prevent casualties.

Mr. Thomas Herpich from ZF Friedrichshafen AG focused on the topic of safety of backseat passengers with its definition provided.He introduced the different requirements on front collision under four scenarios. In collisions, the position of safety belt is different and therefore the impact on various parts of body is different. In ECE R16-06, there are also new requirements on restraint system for rear passengers. Finally, he introduced the design of advanced restraint system for rear passengers and the future developments regarding protection of rear passengers.

The convening of the 8th International Symposium on Passive Safety Technology and Standards & Regulations effectively promoted the technical communication of on auto passive safety home and abroad, established a win-win platform for all sides to discuss passive safety technology, to study over the target of developing standards and regulations, and to organize and coordinate international technical standards, thus making its due contributions to enhance China’s construction of auto passive safety technology and standardssystem and improving C-NCAP in a further step.

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